il Politico

See the following items in the current, and more in the forthcoming versions of Solibiodictionary:

1 Agamben, Giorgio

2 Aglietta, Michel

3 Althusser, Luis

4 anarchies, anarco-sindacalisme

5 Archibugi, Daniele

6 Arendt, Hannah

7 Aristotle

8 bionomics

9 biophilosophy

10 biopolitical regimes

11 biopolitics

12 biopower

13 Bologna, Sergio

14 Cacciari, Massimo

15 capitalisms

16 Cavarero, Adriana

17 Chesnais, François

18 communism

19 complexity

20 democides

21 (direct) democracy

22 Esposito, Roberto

23 Fernandez Armesto, Felipe

24 Foucault, Michel

25 Furet, François

26 generations >> Millennials, etc.

27 Hegel

28 Hobbes, Thomas (Leviathan)

29 Kant, Immanuel

30 Levinas, Emmanuel

31 long waves

32 Luhman, Niklas >> including Marramo’s critique

33 Machiavelli

34 Mandel, Ernst

35 Mandeville

36 marketing

37 Marx, Karl

38 Marramao, Giacomo

39 Negri, Antonio

40 Nietzsche

41 Obama, Barack

42 Panzieri, Raniero

43 Plato

44 Pareto, Vilfredo

45 political competition (Hotelling, Dawns)

46 political cycles

47 political ideologies >> among many: Libertarian Socialism; Operaismi

48 political parties >> Pareto, Weil

49 political philosophy >> GOTO Giorgio Agamben, Dante Alighieri, Luis Althusser, Hannah Arendt, Aristotle, Massimo Cacciari, Adriana Cavarero, Roberto Esposito, Michel Foucault, Hegel, Martin Heidegger, Thomas Hobbes, Immanuel Kant, Kelsen, Emmanuel Levinas, Machiavelli, Giacomo Marramao, Karl Marx, Nietzsche, Plato’s Republic, John Rawls, Carl Schmitt, Emanuele Severino, Leo Strauss, Alexis de Tocqueville, Mario Tronti.

50 political science >> Arrow, Condorcet, Dawns, Machiavelli

51 power

52 Rawls, John

53 régulation (école de la) >> Aglietta, Boyer, Coriat, Lipietz, Petit

54 revolution >> Furet

55 Schmitt, Carl

56 Schumpeter, J.A.

57 Severino, Emanuele

58 socialisms – Le socialisme est le seul but qu’une intelligence contemporaine puisse s’assigner (Siniavsky, Russian dissident, to his Stalinist judge)

59 social classes

60 social movements

61 social sciences >> Manuel Castells

62 société du spectacle

63 Strauss, Leo

64 Tronti, Mario

65 Venice  >> Simone Weil, Venise sauvée (a political pièce)

66 Wallerstein, Immmanuel

67 web 2.0

68 Weber, Max

69 Weil, Simone

12 BASIC READINGS on ‘il Politico’

i) H. Arendt  (1958), The Human Condition. The last contribution to the Arendtian literature comes from my Verona colleagues:

ii) A. Cavarero,   . An excellent  text, in what Severino labels “contemporary (neo-) Aristotelism” (whose origins are also briefly outlined and discussed by Adriana); nonetheless, in my view it  must be discounted for often gratuitous and unnecessary “critiques” (not all of them: some are constructive andor useful ones) to Levinas. An example – among many – of the fall of the Angels, incl. the Authority principle; as his readers know well, E. Severino includes Capitalism among the Angels accompanying God in His Death, by the way.

iii) R. Esposito, Bìos.

iv) M. Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom. Italian ed.: Capitalismo e  libertà.

v) E. Levinas – Emmanuel’s quite marginal Politics  can be understood only in a biopolitical frame, namely from the various biographical sources and beautiful interviews to him: 1st, his entire family was exterminated; 2nd, his silent, tacit criticism of Soviet Russia (but not of socialism in itself) is mediated (metaxù) through his favoured book, the Absolute novel: Grossman’s Vie et Destin. Bettina Bergo on Stanford’s EoPh explains Hermann Cohen’s influence upon Emmanuel’s asystemic bio-evolution, also involving Politics:

Politics and the Third Party are, by 1974 [Autrement qu’être ou au-delà de l’essence. Phaenomenologica 54. The Hague and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 1974], largely synonymous with “humanity.” This is a significant displacement from his condemnation of politics as the polemos of Being itself, in 1961. [Totalité et Infini: Essais sur l’Extériorité. Phaenomenologica 8. Idem, 1961.]

vi) K. Marx and F. Engels (1848), The Manifesto of the Communist Party: .

vii) A. Negri and M. Hardt (2000), Empire. Cambrige, Mass.: Harvard University Press. FREE oL.

viii) M. Poster (1984), Foucault, Marxism and History: Mode of Production Versus Mode of Information. Polity Press. Free online:

ix) L. Strauss (1987), History of Political Philosophy. Co-ed. with Joseph Cropsey. Chicago: Un. of Chicago Press, 1963 (1st ed.), 1972 (2nd), 1987 (3rd).

x) A. de Tocqueville (1835), Democracy in America.

xi) M. Tronti (2001, December 6), Il destino della politica. Interview with Ida Dominjanni, il Manifesto. (2005, January 29), Written synthesis, and audio file mp3:

Storia e critica del

concetto di democrazia.

xii) S. Weil, L’Enracinement.


E. Severino,

According to this Emmanuele, the most coherent modern philosophers are Dostojevskj and Leopardi; Gentile and Nietzsche.

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